Master of childish fomen
Joan Miró was a 20th century Spanish artist best known for his unique surrealist paintings, sculptures and ceramics. He was born on April 20, 1893 in Barcelona into a family of artisans. He showed great interest in art at an early age and began training as a merchant at the age of 14. Along the way, he also attended the art academy "La Llotja" in Barcelona.
After completing his education, Miró devoted himself entirely to art and moved to Paris, where he moved in the circles of the Surrealists. His first works were still influenced by Cubism, but he quickly developed his own style, inspired by childhood memories, Catalan culture and dreams.
Miró's artwork is characterized by a simplified, almost childlike representation of shapes combined with bold colors and lines. He also often used symbols and signs to express his ideas. There are many fantastic and surrealistic elements in his paintings and sculptures, which often pose riddles and make the viewer think.
Miró's work was profoundly touched by Bauhaus master Paul Klee, subsequently creating a cosmos full of dreamlike otherworldly beings. The result was works full of droll and burlesque figures and figures that, along with the works of Dali and Magritte, are among the most famous and outstanding works of surrealism. In 1919 he visited Paris for the first time, where he became friends with Picasso. His first solo exhibition in Paris in 1921 was a flop, and in 1923 he had his first contact with the later Surrealist group around André Breton.
During his career Miró had numerous solo exhibitions and his works were exhibited in the most prestigious museums in the world. He also collaborated with other artists, including Pablo Picasso and Salvador Dalí.
In 1934, he began his "wild" period with pastels on velour paper and participated in international Surrealist exhibitions in New York and Paris in 1935 and 1938. In 1944 he began to work with ceramics, and from 1947 he was represented in the USA and Europe as an internationally recognized artist. In 1956 he finally withdrew to Barcelona, where from 1960 he developed his generously abstract style, the "Peinture Nouvelle". Wall ceramics and sculptures become his second major creative field. This was followed in 1970 by huge ceramic installations at the Barcelona airport and in 1978 by multicolored monumental sculptures for the Esplanade de la Défense in Paris.
Miró died in Palma de Mallorca on December 25, 1983, at the age of 90. However, his legacy as one of the most influential artists of the 20th century lives on today. His unique and distinctive works continue to inspire artists and art lovers around the world.